Tuesday, May 27, 2014

Myers Briggs Types Short Descriptions

ENTJ stands for Extroverted iNtuitive Thinking Judging. People with this personality type are generally strong, expansive, domineering, decisive, clear-cut and logical. They are very pragmatic and extraordinary strategic thinkers who have both the vision and the ability to make their vision come true. ENTJs are natural leaders, goal-oriented, innovative, determined, powerful, they like to make things happen and don't have much patience with incompetence, inefficiency, hurt feelings or any other things they believe might slow them down. They are good at directing teams and can make wonderful leaders, although at times they can be perceived by others as somewhat insensitive, argumentative and domineering.

INTP stands for Introverted iNtuitive Thinking Perceiving. This personality type is known for being intellectual, abstract, logical, reserved, detached, random and skeptical. Such people are usually unconventional and highly theoretical, they like playing with ideas and coming up with ingenious thought systems and explanations for the events they observe, although they aren't too likely to share their discoveries, as they're quite socially withdrawn and secretive. INTPs are also objective, spontaneous, adaptable and highly independent; they often question authority, openly disregard social conventions and irrational customs and prefer to think for themselves, which can lead to an original, avant-garde vision of things, but also to being perceived as arrogant, cold and eccentric.

ENFJ stands for Extroverted iNtuitive Feeling Judging. Individuals with this personality type are usually compassionate, understanding, insightful, open-minded, generous and altruistic, but also organized and driven, on a professional level. They are both kind and firm, are amazing public speakers and enjoy being among people, helping, understanding and guiding them through their troubles. ENFJs make exceptional friends, as they gregarious, generous, cultivated and usually have a penetrating perception of the emotional needs of others, which they consequently feel the urge to meet. Although empathetic and affectionate, they can at times become quite demanding, controlling and excessively image-conscious.

ENFP stands for Extroverted iNtuitive Feeling Perceiving. This personality type is known for being spontaneous, optimistic, creative, expansive, playful and very charismatic. They are curious people, with a great need for variety, change, adventure and emotional engagement. Two of their best qualities are their wide imagination and their versatility - this type is a quick, abstract learner, excels at brain-storming and loves having causes to believe in and work for. Naturally, ENFPs are sociable humanists who love helping and understand other people. They are warm, very friendly and generous with their time and energy, but they do have a tendency to spread themselves too thin and find it difficult to keep all their promises they make or complete all the projects they take on.

ISTJ stands for Introverted Sensing Thinking Judging. This personality type is stable, precautious, traditional, detail-oriented, practical and orderly. They are very conscientious people that can be relied upon to do a thorough job, as they take their duties very seriously and prefer things to be structured and logically ordered. Pillars of their society, ISTJs excel at working with detail (they do not mind routine as much as other types), they are precise, meticulous and very down-to-earth. They respect traditions, the longstanding values of their society, the precious lessons of history and also the hierarchical structure of people and things. Although honest and hard-working, they may be perceived by others as a bit old-fashioned, tedious and frugal.

ISTP stands for Introverted Sensing Thinking Perceiving. People with this personality type are typically independent, individualistic, practical, handy, audacious and very realistic. They are adaptable and casual, trust their own experience and are very skillful at coordinating their minds with their bodies, which makes them wonderful at handling different tools or working with equipment and machinery. Their freedom and autonomy is highly important to them so they prefer working independently and keeping demands on their person to a minimum. ISTPs are also very rational, straightforward people who usually keep to themselves and dislike social pressure, things that may actually cause them difficulties in their relationships, occasionally being perceived as inconsiderate, selfish and unreliable.

ISFJ stands for Introverted Sensing Feeling Judging. People who have this personality type are generally kind, empathetic, traditional, shy, caring, practical and very loyal. They love helping and assisting others around them and often assume a nurturing role in their family and society, as they make wonderful caregivers and mother-figures. Often self-effacing and unpretentious, they in fact have very strong moral convictions and a deep-seated sense of their social and human duty and purpose. ISFJs are very affectionate, committed and dedicated to their loved ones and they are often willing to sacrifice their own wishes and needs in order meet those of others, which may eventually end up causing them a fair amount of emotional suffering and frustration, in the long run.

ESFP stands for Extroverted Sensing Feeling Perceiving. This personality type is known for being active, outgoing, happy-go-lucky, talkative, fun-loving, trustful and friendly. They very much appreciate and enjoy the tangible reality around them - they like to be physically active, to interact with other people and to have a lot of fun (music, art, shopping, partying, sports, are only some of their many interests). ESFPs are also loyal, affectionate and spirited people, they know how to tune into other people's emotional states and match their expectations and therefore they easily become very popular wherever they go. Born entertainers, they relish having an audience and being in the spotlight, but they can also become overly dramatic, demonstrative, frivolous and whimsical, especially when they are not getting the attention they desire.

INTJ stands for Introverted iNtuitive Thinking Judging. This personality type is withdrawn, intellectual, reflective, unconventional, abstract, insightful and methodical. These people are typically hard to read and tend to come across as dispassionate, unemotional, quirky, yet very self-controlled. Their most treasured pursuit is the one for knowledge, for the fundamental truth behind appearances and INTJs have a natural flair for seeking, discerning and understanding the very essence of things. While on the outside, they often appear to be logical, cautious, rational and skeptical individuals, their inner life of the mind is rich beyond belief with symbols, meaning and innovative visions of the future. Although often brilliant and ahead of their time, they are sometimes perceived by their peers as being rather strange, arrogant and distant.

ESFJ stands for Extroverted Sensing Feeling Judging. People with this personality type are kind, polite, helpful, altruistic, affectionate, traditional and friendly. They need to feel that they're a useful and appreciated part of their community; therefore they will embrace and champion the social conventions and traditions that exist in their society. Orderly, neat and well-behaved, they are always careful to appropriately fulfill their social role, as dictated by the nature of the relationships involved. ESFJs are often pleasant, gracious, sympathetic people, who love to help others in practical and tangible ways, making sure everyone is fitting in and relationships are peaceful and harmonious within their family or group. Their acute need for praise and gratitude, however, may occasionally cause others to see them as clingy, manipulative and pushy.

ESTP stands for Extroverted Sensing Thinking Perceiving. This personality type is known for being outgoing, self-confident, entertaining, rational, pragmatic, and matter-of-fact. They like having an active lifestyle, countless friends and being up-to-date with everything that's going on in their world, as they want to always keep up with the latest trends. Fun, adventurous and charismatic, they are also highly competitive and enterprising people with well-developed tactic skills, which they often employ to gain advantage in immediate situations. ESTPs prefer to live in the moment and rarely make long-term plans - they're spontaneous, action-oriented and quite hedonistic, with a flair for spotting opportunities and making the most out of every situation. This approach, however, can make some people regard them as irresponsible, superficial and inconsiderate.

INFP stands for Introverted iNtuitive Feeling Perceiving. People who have this personality type are generally reserved, tolerant, idealistic, sympathetic, insightful, romantic, natural and unplanned. They are avidly searching for the inner beauty of nature and people, the harmonious balance of life and the true value of everything around them. Intensely imaginative, intuitive and open-minded, they easily perceive the human potential that's hidden behind appearances and become inspired by it. INFPs are empathetic listeners, genuinely interested in what other people have to say, but at the same time their need for privacy and introspection can make them retreat from social contact in order to process their feelings undisturbed. This emotional sensitivity can sometimes make them appear as unsociable, moody and illogical.

ESTJ stands for Extroverted Sensing Thinking Judging. Individuals with this personality type are realistic, practical, organized, hard-working, conventional, responsible, outgoing and assertive. They are very rational people who trust and follow clear logical principles and tend to approach every situation in an objective and impartial manner. Highly realistic and driven, their energy is often invested in pursuits that have a practical application and a tangible result. Their stable, industrious personality is based on a deep-seated sense of duty towards the social system they are a part of and the established rules attached to it. Although earnest, loyal and respectful to their society, ESTJs are also strong, decisive people, who can lead and organize others confidently. As a result, they can sometimes be perceived as quite rigid, tactless and domineering by those around them.

INFJ stands for Introverted iNtuitive Feeling Judging. This personality type is generally very private, empathetic, wise, thoughtful, profound, romantic and complex. They have rich inner worlds, fostered by their wide imagination, which reflect their love for abstract symbols and spiritual meaning. Their insightful understanding of the human nature makes them talented at exploring and capturing the subtle emotional truths of the human experience (often through beautiful artistic creations). INFJs are sympathetic, humanitarian individuals, who strive for harmony, cooperation and unity among people, yet their reserved, introspective nature eventually urges them to seek privacy in order to sort out their feelings and ideas. Although wise and insightful, their emotional complexity can sometimes make them appear as overly sensitive, moody and strange.

ISFP stands for Introverted Sensing Feeling Perceiving. People with this personality type are known for being gentle, compassionate, uncomplicated, spontaneous, natural, peaceful and modest. They highly value their personal freedom and need plenty of private time and space, in which to follow their calling, very often represented by nature and artistic activities. Kind, generous and sensitive, ISFPs often have a developed emotional intelligence and are gifted at correctly reading the body language and unexpressed feelings of those around them. Their warm and empathetic nature, as well as their need for harmony and serenity, will drive them to help those in need or in suffering, usually in concrete and tangible ways. Despite their childlike joy and playfulness, they can be regarded by some as hesitant, soft and naive.

ENTP stands for Extroverted iNtuitive Thinking Perceiving. People with this personality type are usually optimistic, outgoing, inventive, logical, playful, spontaneous and humorous. They are quick-minded, rational and flexible and they find it easy to improvise and come up with a multitude of ideas and solutions, which can make them ingenious problem solvers and even pioneers in their fields of interest. Their adventurousness and openness to new experiences, combined with their sociable, fun-loving nature often make them widely popular and well-liked by many of their peers. But despite their cheerfulness and carefree attitude, ENTPs often harbor a sharp, strategic mind and they are perfectly capable of detaching from their feelings in order to pragmatically reach their objectives. This very aspect can make some people regard them as unpredictable, insensitive and egotistical.

Thursday, January 14, 2010

Chilhood Scenarios for Enneatypes: Law of Three

I've recently come across a really interesting article that promotes a different hypothesis of how Enneagram types form during childhood and I thought I should present it briefly on the blog.

It's commonly accepted that the Enneagram type has both a genetic component and an environmental component and it's their interaction that decides the final typology. This theory states that there are three major innate orientations of the personality and that we are all born with one of them prevalent over the other two. Furthermore, it suggests that each of the nine Enneagram types is a consequence of the way in which the child's preferred inborn orientation (the hereditary component) interacts with the one that their parent - or main caretaker - has towards them in the forming years (the environmental component).

Three Basic Orientations

The three orientations are an expression of the Law of Three, on which the entire Enneagram concept is based. This law states that there are three kinds of forces that act in the human nature - the Active force, the Responsive force and the Neutral force and that each person is born with a natural preference for one of them.

These three forces are similar to the Hornevian Groups (Assertive, Compliant and Withdrawn respectively), but they are used here in a different context, to describe inborn traits and parental styles rather than established personality.

Here are the associated traits for each basic orientation:

Active: demanding, assertive, bossy, outspoken, intimidating, egocentric, expressive, willful.

Responsive: supportive, responsive, engaging, affectionate, friendly, sympathetic, cooperative.

Neutral: avoidant, withdrawn, indifferent, apathetic, absent, reserved, ignoring, neglectful.

Apparently, each child comes into the world with one of these predefined attitudes toward their environment and each parent will address their children with a certain parenting style, which can be, but isn't necessarily determined by their Enneagram type.

Any Enneagram type can use any of the three orientations to attend to their children. For example - an Enneatype 5 can be a Responsive parent, an Enneatype 8 might use a Neutral approach with their offspring, while an Enneatype 1 may lean towards an Active style. What determines the environmental component of a child's future type is not necessarily the main caretaker's type, but rather their particular approach to relating to the child.

Nine Interaction Scenarios: Child vs. Parent

Here are the 9 childhood scenarios that correspond to each of the 9 Enneagram types.

Active child vs. Active parent
This scenario is thought to produce Enneagram type 8.

The child and parent experience open conflicts on a regular basis. They both have different agendas and oppose each other, thus giving rise to power struggles and explosive arguments. The Active parent is impatient and intolerant of the child's rebellious nature and tries to impose his will in an authoritarian fashion. The Active child, on the other hand, becomes aggressive, argumentative and persistent in getting his own way. The relationship becomes a sort of battlefield, which is how the child will later perceive the world around him (type 8).

Such a childhood scenario encourages the child to develop a keen eye for spotting other people's weaknesses and a thirst for imposing their will in an overly aggressive fashion. They learn to be assertive, strong and deny their fears and feelings of intimidation. These are the traits they needed to have in order to stand up to their domineering parents and still keep their own Active inborn approach.

Active child vs. Responsive parent
This scenario is thought to produce Enneagram type 7

The demands and concerns of the Active child are usually received with benevolence and a supportive, encouraging attitude. This creates a tolerant environment in which the child can express himself openly and receive attention without much effort from his part. The Active child becomes self-confident, carefree and expects his interactions to be positive and favorable to his needs. The Responsive parent is sympathetic and loving, thus stimulating the child's playful, self-expressive side and giving him a good deal of personal freedom.

This childhood scenario promotes a cheerful, optimistic type who knows how to charm and manipulate others into easily getting his way. Entertaining and expressive, such a child may later expect instant gratification for all his needs and desires and avoid investing time and effort into long-term goals.

Active child vs. Neutral parent
This scenario is thought to produce Enneagram type 4

In this relationship, the child usually tries to grab the attention of an indifferent or absent parent, by expressing himself with increasing intensity, until a response is achieved. The Active child may act in a dramatic, exaggerated manner, attempting to get his message across to the unconcerned caretaker. The Neutral caretaker will typically ignore the child's emotional needs, making the youngster feel frustrated, misunderstood and possibly abandoned. Sometimes the child turns these negative feelings inwardly, believing that they are unlovable and not special enough to deserve attention.

This scenario teaches the Active children that they are different than other children that seem to be getting the support they lack. They want to make themselves heard so they amplify their feelings, resorting to dramatic expressions of their emotions. These children may later become overly sensitive, artistic and theatrical, but also melancholic, self-loathing and depressive.

Responsive child vs. Active parent
This scenario is thought to produce Enneagram type 1

This interaction is generally centered around the parent's agenda, to which the child will subscribe in order to receive the desired approval. The Active parent will be demanding, dominating and will criticize any perceived "bad" behavior. The Responsive child, on the other hand, is unusually sensitive to criticism so he will try to adjust and adhere to the parent's values and perspectives, by being obedient, well-behaved and an altogether "good kid". This attitude will help him build the desired rapport with the fastidious main caretaker.

With time, the child will learn to put aside his real needs and wishes in order to do the right thing, to be correct and morally ethical. These types will prefer to have a clear set of standards and rules to adhere to and will only feel worthy and lovable when they live a righteous life, in accordance with their upstanding principles. Their parents taught them that acceptance comes only through obedience and discipline.

Responsive child vs. Responsive parent
This scenario is thought to produce Enneagram type 6

This child will usually establish a very close relationship with his caretaker and will tend to become dependent on the nurturing, affectionate figure that offers him support and understanding. A strong desire for harmonious relationships is created and the Responsive child will reject and feel threatened by conflicts and lack of stability. Such types will seek playmates and groups that share their values and interests and will take an 'us against the world' stance, typically towards unfamiliar people and circumstances.

These Responsive children will prefer to play by the rules in order to keep themselves safe from any disharmony that will endanger their comforting, supportive relationships. They will be playful, endearing and loyal to their chosen groups and intimates, while at the same time remaining alert and vigilant to avoid any conflicts and hidden threats. Suspicion of other people's motives can arise as a protection from abandonment and rejection - they are in fact very afraid of losing their safe, nurturing grounds.

Responsive child vs. Neutral parent
This scenario is thought to produce Enneagram type 2

In this case, the Responsive child will act in a pleasing, appealing matter but will most likely encounter an indifferent attitude on the part of the Neutral parent. Confronted with this apathy and lack of interest, the child can only resort to becoming even more pleasing and irresistible to the parent, until he manages to break through the shell of indifference and obtain the desired rapport. Such types will be helpful, empathetic, lovable and attractive and will have a knack for getting on the same wavelength with their parents - they know when and how to approach them in order to obtain their attention.

Growing up, the Responsive children will learn to intuitively sense and assess other people's moods and will know exactly how to fulfill their needs in order to be appreciated and loved by them. They have a wide repertoire of seductive behaviors and know exactly which approach to use in order to successfully engage others into a close relationship.

Neutral child vs. Active parent
This scenario is thought to produce Enneagram type 9

The Neutral child is often overwhelmed and frightened by the controlling, domineering Active parent. Lacking self-assertion skills, he prefers to withdraw and stay out of the way, minimizing his own needs and avoiding the parent as much as possible. On the few occasions the child reaches out to the caretaker, he ends up feeling rejected and bullied around for no apparent reason, which causes him to withdraw again. The loneliness, however, also feels like rejection and soon enough the youngster will be ambivalent towards both being alone and being with others.

Most of the time, a compromise will be made. This type will seek out company but will not invest themselves in it, preferring to keep in the background and go with the flow, partly removed from their actual situation. When alone, they will avoid introspection, which will bring about old feelings of depression and rejection, instead they'd rather numb themselves out with food, TV or other unimportant routines to avoid emotional pain.

Neutral child vs. Responsive parent
This scenario is thought to produce Enneagram type 5

In this relationship, the Responsive parent is inclined to give a lot of unrequested attention to the Neutral child, who perceives his parent's supportive and affectionate attitude as a form of smothering. The youngster will tend to withdraw from his environment, preferring solitary activities and contemplation, but as opposed to the previous scenario (of type 9), loneliness will not be accompanied by a feeling of rejection. At the contrary, being alone is a matter of choice and it gives a feeling of security and well-being, knowing that there is always someone to communicate with when they decide to seek out company.

Such children are genuine loners, who prefer and enjoy their solitude. They are introspective, insightful and love learning and discovering things on their own, usually rejecting any help or intervention from the outside. They are afraid of being intruded upon because their parents used to make a fuss over them and suffocate them with attention and demands for closeness.

Neutral child vs. Neutral parent
This scenario is thought to produce Enneagram type 3

This Neutral child's solitude is encouraged by his parent's own withdrawal and indifference, which doesn’t necessarily make the Neutral child feel openly rejected, but rather intrigues and challenges him. Serious, focused and rather unemotional, this youngster will most likely try to fulfill his occasional need for attention by impressing his parents with outstanding accomplishments and high aspirations, which make him feel worthy and valuable in their eyes.

Later in life, these children become motivated achievers who put great emphasis on results, performance, efficiency and a successful image that will make others appreciate and admire them. Deep inside they dislike being ignored because it makes them doubt their own value, therefore they tend to hide their weaknesses and flaws and project a desirable, attractive, "I-have-it-all" persona.

Sunday, January 3, 2010

Myers Briggs types under Stress

We all know what Enneagram types do when they're stressed out, as it's been long discussed in a wide number of publications. And it's been long complained the fact that the Myers Briggs theory isn't a dynamic system because it doesn't explain how its 16 types act when in distress. I beg to differ. The cognitive functions that underlie each type offer pertinent predictions of how the types will act when unhealthy.

These are a series of likely scenarios of how Myers Briggs types tend to disintegrate when under substantial and long-enduring stress. They are based on each type's functional stacking and reveal the typical ways in which the third and fourth functions can rise into consciousness and spoil the psychological balance of each type. These scenarios are inspired by Lenore Thomson's work.

ESTJs are likely to start viewing others as being overly subjective and weak, therefore consider that it's time to take control and set things right. They can become domineering and uncompromising, imposing their viewpoint and considering their logic as the only valid standard. Craving personal contact and affection, but unable to give in to their emotional side, they blame others for being corrupt, subjective and disrespectful and a self-righteous anger takes over them. As the pressure becomes intolerable, psychological outlet valves open to release frustration in inappropriate ways: anger bursts, impulsive behaviors, excessive drinking or eating.

ESTJs may benefit from learning to acknowledge and accept the personal and subjective aspects of themselves and the world they live in. Not everything can be logically and impersonally categorized and understood by way of rational principles.

ISTJs tend to become excessively rigid and convinced that what they perceive as important is objectively paramount and should therefore be perceived as such by everyone else. They have trouble acknowledging their own subjectivity and believe that their principles and priorities should be the same for all and everyone should be living their lives as they do. As the pressure rises, they become increasingly intolerant of diversity and may start seeing other people as irresponsible and lacking appropriate standards and ethics. They try to take control of others and become stuck in limiting rules and regulations, afraid of change and taking any risks into the unknown.

ISTJs in this situation need to realize their own subjectivity and the fact that their views and solutions to life's problems are highly individual and cannot be applied to other people. They must accept their own uniqueness and learn to bring it to the world without inflexibly imposing it on others.

ESFJs usually keep their distress and inner conflicts away from public eye. They are terrified of being judged and criticized by others while on the other hand they can be highly intolerant of what they perceive as inappropriate behaviors. They begin to feel used and unappreciated by others and as their resentment grows, they are prone to rash and thoughtless actions that may end up damaging the relationships they care so much for. As frustration grows, they become complaining, manipulative and go behind people's backs to make decisions for them that would more likely benefit themselves than those involved. They rationalize their insensitive behavior by considering their actions are the right ones for solving the problem.

ESFJs can help themselves by realizing that they can be loved for who they are, and not for what they do for others, and that they do not have an obligation to fulfill everyone's needs. They need to define who they are and what they want, separately from how others view them or want them to be.

ISFJs have the tendency to lose themselves in emotional and moral commitments, seeing themselves as indispensable to and intrinsic part of the cause they've identified with. At this point they can become self-sacrificing martyrs whose only purpose is the happiness and well-being of others. They can end up in bad relationships where they're willingly being used and put in a service-oriented position. As their stress increases they begin to cling to people and try to keep them attached by undermining their independence and offering them unconditional care and support instead. At the same time, ISFJs remain secretive about their own feelings and vulnerabilities, which unconsciously build up to create more frustration. They can become intolerant to whatever doesn't fit their view of life, rejecting reality and even fiction that does not favor their values of feelings and commitment.

ISFJs can benefit from learning to discover, understand and fulfill their own needs, in the same manner in which they do this for others. They need to compare their opinions and goals against reality and assess the strength of their commitments in order to keep them balanced and reasonable.

ESFPs are likely to first experience depression and disinterest, as a result of diminished physical and emotional energy. They may become self-absorbed and indifferent towards other's needs and finally may leave their current situation altogether, in search of a whole new alternative. As the psychological pressure increases, ESFPs may begin acting in a flighty, superficial manner, attracted to the satisfaction of the moment while disregarding the consequences of their actions. They appear to others as chameleonic and unpredictable, indiscriminately going for what’s popular and losing their individuality and credibility by continuously adapting to their changing environment.

ESFPs can help themselves by figuring out their own priorities and what really matters to them, leaving aside the current trends and whatever is popular at the moment. They need to learn to say 'no' to unnecessary experience and start focusing on a purpose that satisfies their inner values.

ISFPs under distress will give a lot of importance to their personal freedom, their choices, their lifestyle and their subjective view of life. Feeling threatened by conforming and the prospect of giving up their ideals, they start rejecting other people's help and advice, becoming increasingly defensive and dismissive. They may resort to sarcasm, become cryptic or derogatory. As frustration grows, they tend to isolate in order to escape outer influence on them, and live life on the edge of society, refusing to take any logical considerations into account and relying solely on their creative emotions and peculiar worldview.

ISFPs need to find a way to bring their vision and gifts into the outer world, usually by learning to express themselves in such a manner that others can comprehend them. By understanding and appreciating reality as it is, they can manage to build a lifestyle that is both authentic and appropriate.

ESTPs are used to dealing with their problems and frustrations by searching for more external stimulation and adventure. When their situation is causing them to feel disappointed and restless, ESTPs consider it is time to recreate their successful public persona, by either finding a new audience to charm or resorting to grand gestures that will reinforce their image and make them feel popular again. At the same time, their private life suffers from a deep sense of emptiness and intimacy becomes almost impossible as they become increasingly detached from true emotional connections. As stress increases, they become more agitated, overactive, frivolous and overly concerned with image and people's opinions of them.

ESTPs would benefit from taking some time to consider their true priorities and understand the effect that their choices have on other people in their lives. Assuming responsibility for their actions and their importance in the larger context helps ESTPs become more stable, reliable and truthful.

ISTPs have the tendency to resist and reject any requests or situations that do not fit their natural views on life. Afraid of being controlled by others, they protect their freedom by cutting demanding people out of their lives and may start associating themselves solely with those who bear similar, usually antisocial outlooks on things. As the pressure increases, they are very likely to take rebellious stances against society and its organizational systems (government, political parties etc.), whose power they perceive as threatening to their independence. By suspecting and blaming the system, they separate themselves from reality as it is and begin living as outcasts, ignoring the common norms and values.

ISTPs can avoid psychological breakdown by recognizing and learning to value the human experience as a whole, regardless of personal differences. By accepting that human needs and aspirations are important and strikingly similar despite their variety, they can bring their skills into action and use them to help society instead of trying to bring it down.

ENTJs are inclined to believe that the source of their distress lies outside of themselves and therefore they're quick to blames others for their problems. They perceive other people as being needy and illogical, and also systems and organizations as inefficient and hindering. Everything and everyone seems to be holding them back, therefore they feel compelled to take matters into their own hands and set things right. This makes them controlling, stubborn and insensitive to the delicate human element, represented by feelings, ideals and weaknesses. Feeling increasingly stuck in a frustrating situation, ENTJs can start acting out on their primary, visceral impulses and experience themselves as out of control. They may resume to physical excesses of any kind - violence, sexual addictions, profane language etc.

ENTJ would greatly benefit from learning to consider life's imperfections and people's occasional subjectivity as a normal and natural part of existence. Logic cannot be absolute, and trying to make it so will only promote an irrational worldview which will cause frustration and disappointment.

INTJs are used to living in their minds, mostly disregarding their physical and emotional needs. Therefore, love and romantic relationships can take them by surprise and the intensity of their own emotions usually represent the main factor that throws them in distress. They may feel out of control, restless and tormented, and thus respond to these feelings by dismissing their emotions and abstracting them into theoretical principles that don’t have much to do with objective reality. Idealizing their own complex concepts and ideas, they fail to recognize the importance of relationships with their peers, thus managing to isolate themselves not only from the outer world, but also from their emotional and physical self. They become misunderstood loners, cryptic and enigmatic to the rest of the world.

INTJs need to try and organize their esoteric perceptions and highly intuitive mental constructs, by applying some form of general logic to them and render them comprehensible to the world. They need to become more grounded into reality and start to appreciate and give the proper importance to the material aspects as well.

ENFJs are likely to start feeling somewhat disappointed with the relationships they worked so hard to build. They experience a lack of enthusiasm and passion about the people around them and as a consequence they feel guilty about it, believing that they're losing themselves and letting down their loved ones. Acutely concerned with being seen as empathetic, loving people and highly sensitive to rejection and criticism, they strive to maintain appearances even though deep inside they may feel rather joyless. If the stress continues or increases, ENFJs may become obsessed with escaping their guilt and may actually give in to impulsive behaviors meant to liberate their bottled-up emotions. They can even abandon their intimates or communities altogether, in search of a more inspiring environment.

ENFJs can escape stress by cultivating their own identity aside from society's expectations and predefined roles. By exploring and rejoicing their own interests and potentials, they become less concerned with public approval and more open towards a wider variety of people and experiences.

INFJs tend to withdraw from reality into a fantasy world of their own, which gradually gains importance as they become dissatisfied with their real life and the people in it. While fulfilling the demands of their outer commitments, they harbor secret criticism and the feeling that their imaginary world and the characters that inhabit it are more important than the actual people in their lives. They can end up living almost exclusively in their imagination, resisting reality with a defensive attitude, feeling like a misfit and spending enormous amounts of time exploring and discovering their deepest hidden fantasies and emotions. In this state, they might be attracted to majorly defective people and environments, which they perceive will truly understand and appreciate them.

INFJs in this situation can help themselves by finding a way to bring their artistic vision and intuitive insights out to light. By learning to express their rich imagination in a way that other people can understand and appreciate, they become psychologically liberated as well as integrated into the world. Artistic pursuits (painting, writing, sculpting, photography etc.) bring a great benefit to INFJs and offer an appropriate outlet for their deep emotions.

ENTPs under stress can become rather flighty and overly concerned with their freedom and how other people's wishes can threaten it. They act impulsively and rationalize their whims and inability to stick with a project or commitment as avoiding perceived entrapments. As psychological pressure increases, ENTPs tend to ignore or go against the rules, believing that these don't apply to them, while at the same time they become unawarely reliant on others to confer them stability and take care of the chores that they dislike. Interpreting other people's dissatisfaction with them as tactics of manipulation, they reject any responsibility placed on them and act in an intolerant, unpredictable manner, doing only as they please and refusing to limit their options and follow through with their obligations.

ENTPs can change this dysfunctional attitude by assuming responsibility for the situations they create and the people they engage. By acknowledging their importance in the larger scheme of life, they become more focused and self-disciplined, able to inspire people and offer consistent and trustworthy leadership.

INTPs are likely to be very critical of other's expectations and demands, while at the same time unconsciously craving for affection and appreciation. Their thinking tends to get complicated and speculative as they ignore objective reality and start living according to their own subjective interpretation of the facts. As frustration grows, INTPs may develop various phobias and a rather hypochondriac attitude, worrying about their physical health and the effect that their environment can have on it. They translate unacknowledged emotional neediness into a concern for physical wellbeing. In this state, they might try to limit the amount of unfamiliar in their lives while at the same time causing a fuss around their theories and being oversensitive to other people's attitudes and opinions of them.

INTPs may benefit from understanding that being impersonal and detached from their circumstances does not mean that they are objective and realistic. Everyone is dependent on other people to a certain extent and nobody can have full control over their lives at any time. Realizing that they are a part of a larger scheme of reality where everything and everyone eventually interconnects, may help INTPs relax and open up to new possibilities and relationships.

ENFPs in distress tend to feel overloaded and overwhelmed by too much to do. They feel they're trying to help others and make their lives better but their efforts are unappreciated and there are always more expectations and demands. In such situations, ENFPs are likely to start shirking their responsibilities, forgetting their appointments or being late for the deadlines. They perceive other people's discontentment with their inconstancy as a lack of consideration and respect for the ENFP's own rights and priorities. They want to be free to respond to possibilities as they present and change their minds whenever they want. Any requests or previous commitments that don't support their present agenda are viewed as unreasonable and limiting and will be dismissed.

ENFPs need to find out what it is that fulfills them on the long term instead of what seems attractive in the moment. By focusing on their true ideals and values and working to achieve them, they can build a consistent lifestyle that genuinely sustains their views and not merely a temporary refuge from feeling trapped by life.

INFPs usually dislike conflict and are prone to acting in a passive-aggressive way when they experience frustration or dissatisfaction. They are deeply dedicated to being their 'true selves', to the extent that they will avoid any people or situations that do not fit in with their inner value system, tending to become rather intolerant and hard to please. As stress increases, they may become extremely whimsical and stubborn, insisting on acting as they feel but ignoring the logical consequences and implications of their actions. Furthermore, they're inclined to use their self-experience as a standard for all the relationships and situations in their lives, adhering only to what reinforces their self-image and rejecting everything else.

INFPs can help themselves by understanding that they don't need to resist or fight reality in order to fulfill their unique vision, but instead it's better to accept reality as it is and seize its opportunities to build the life that they dream of. They need to learn to see all the possibilities without trying to filter them as right or wrong - perceiving reality as it is instead of trying to change it or ignore it.

Photos by Luis Carlos Araujo.

Sunday, November 29, 2009

PSTypes Enneagram Test

This is a new free Enneagram test I have developed. It has 171 items and it will take you about 20 minutes to complete.

The accuracy of the final version of the test is rather high, considering the data so far. The sample consisted of 198 people that had previously decided on their Enneagram type (of course, all 9 Enneatypes were represented in the sample).

The highest score indicated the correct type in 82,6% of the cases. The main type was among the first two highest scores in 95,6% of the cases, and among the first three in 97,2% of the cases.

I will make updates of the test's accuracy as I gather more data, but I don't expect radical changes to the figures.

Part I: Selection

Check all the traits that you think apply to you:

Part II: Scaling

On a scale from 1 to 5, grade these statements according to how much they characterize you and the way you behave in general.
1. I am a cheerful, enthusiastic person with lots of plans and things to do: I love having fun, trying new things and living life to the full. I’m versatile and epicurean.
Not meExactly me
2. Although I am a selfless and generous person, I can't help feeling disappointed when I receive no appreciation for the support I give.
Not meExactly me
3. I consider myself different from most people and many times I feel envious of their normality and simple happiness. I feel something is always missing from my life and I long for it.
Not meExactly me
4. I'm open-minded and receptive to many ideas and viewpoints, but sometimes I have trouble deciding where I stand on an issue. I am usually flexible but somewhat indecisive.
Not meExactly me
5. I'm a highly-motivated achiever and I know how to adapt myself and my behavior to people and circumstances in order to succeed.
Not meExactly me
6. I have a clear set of standards and principles that I follow and I want others to respect them as much as I do. I can be rather conservative in this respect.
Not meExactly me
7. I have a strong need to acquire knowledge and information about the subjects that interest me – I can isolate myself for hours and days in a row to study and learn.
Not meExactly me
8. My temper is explosive and I often have outbursts of rage although they don't typically last long - I'm impulsive, aggressive and not afraid of open conflict.
Not meExactly me
9. I can be a faultlessly loyal friend, partner and employee – honest, devoted and reliable. I could forgive anything but betrayal, which makes me lose my trust for good.
Not meExactly me
10. I can easily put my feelings aside when I need to – I'm not very in touch with my emotions and I tend to ignore them when they get in the way to my goals.
Not meExactly me
11. I am a curious person with a very active mind - I have loads of ingenious ideas and interests in a wide range of domains, although I don't get to deepen many of them.
Not meExactly me
12. I am organized, punctual and methodical and I feel many things depend on me to solve them – I usually take responsibility to straighten things out without being asked to.
Not meExactly me
13. My emotions are real and important to me, they define who I am and I like to cultivate and express them in unique and unexpected ways.
Not meExactly me
14. I can be quite distrustful of people and skeptical of unproven beliefs – I'm great at reading between the lines, debunking faulty theories and scoping out hidden motivations.
Not meExactly me
15. I'm bothered by feelings and emotions so I detach myself from them – this is why I usually appear cold and overly cerebral to others.
Not meExactly me
16. I'm rather laid-back, easy-going and not very ambitious – I believe things will sort out by themselves. As a consequence I'm sometimes forgetful, procrastinating and unconcerned.
Not meExactly me
17. I enjoy helping others and assisting them with their personal problems – I give other people a lot of my time and energy. Being needed makes me feel loved.
Not meExactly me
18. I believe nothing is impossible, therefore I tend to push myself and others to the limit. I want to leave a mark, do something that will have a real impact in the world.
Not meExactly me
19. I’m often hurt by criticism or harsh remarks and tend to withdraw and sulk about them by myself. It’s easy for me to feel rejected or abandoned because I’m very sensitive.
Not meExactly me
20. It can be hard for me to finish the things I start. I become enthused with new possibilities and tend to forget about following through with my previous commitments.
Not meExactly me
21. I can be very hard on myself when I make a mistake – I strive for perfection and I get angry at myself when I can't reach it. I do the same with other people too.
Not meExactly me
22. My mind is focused and intense and I can be very perceptive and insightful – I become an expert in the fields that I study and trust my intelligence more than anything else.
Not meExactly me
23. I am strong, direct and fearless – I like taking risks and ending up victorious. Failure doesn't scare me, it only makes me more determined.
Not meExactly me
24. I tend to openly show my feelings towards others, either verbally or physically (by touching, hugging) – I come across as sentimental and empathetic.
Not meExactly me
25. I am a rather anxious and nervous person, who tends to worry about a lot of things that might go wrong – from health to finances. I can appear quite fidgety at times.
Not meExactly me
26. My image is very important to me so I am really talented at making a good impression on people and dressing for success on any occasion.
Not meExactly me
27. People tend to feel comfortable around me, because I'm tolerant, unpretentious and dislike conflict. I'm a good mediator because I see all sides of an issue.
Not meExactly me
28. I see most things in terms of moral right and wrong and I won't compromise what I believe is right – I consider myself an upright idealist.
Not meExactly me
29. I value my freedom most of all and I need to have as many options available as possible – I have problems with long-term commitments and being stuck in things.
Not meExactly me
30. People's company can feel draining and invasive after a relatively short while so I tend to isolate myself and avoid too much social contact – I value my privacy.
Not meExactly me
31. Although I'm generally cooperative and open to suggestions, I can sometimes get very stubborn about some things –immutable and resolute in the face of opposition.
Not meExactly me
32. Although I value my independence, I have some people that I trust and admire enormously and whom I’d follow anywhere. When I’m in, I’m in all the way.
Not meExactly me
33. Leadership comes naturally to me – I'm tough, enterprising and pragmatic and know how to get others to do as I say. I can be quite bossy and intimidating.
Not meExactly me
34. I tend to have special and melancholic moods which I enhance through imagination – I lose myself in romantic fantasies and imagine things and conversations that did not happen.
Not meExactly me
35. I'm attracted to rescuing and supporting hurt and troubled individuals, sometimes to the point of neglecting my own needs and even health, on the long term.
Not meExactly me
36. I am very ambitious and tend to be a bit of a workaholic – free time is sometimes awkward to me because I feel aimless and unproductive.
Not meExactly me
37. I can be judgemental and critical of others and tend to consider most people as chaotic and irresponsible, so I might come across as patronizing, rigid or controlling.
Not meExactly me
38. I'm very proud of myself and my accomplishments, so at times I do tend to brag about them a bit and act precious. I suppose I can appear somewhat narcissistic.
Not meExactly me
39. I tend to ask myself a lot of questions and second-guess my decisions, which can make me appear somewhat ambivalent and contradictory.
Not meExactly me
40. I abhor looking weak or vulnerable, so I make sure I'm as independent and powerful as possible. I sometimes take other people under my protection to prove my strength.
Not meExactly me
41. I tend to maintain a neutral approach to life – I am somewhat disconnected from my feelings and wishes. I can appear a bit indifferent, absent but also calm in a crisis.
Not meExactly me
42. I am deeply introspective and fully dedicated to discovering who I really am. I am not afraid of my dark side or my most disturbing emotions.
Not meExactly me
43. Boredom is one the worst things that can happen to me so I avoid being alone for too long. I need lots of friends, adventure and variety.
Not meExactly me
44. I'm a considerate and nurturing friend, although I sometimes do tend to become a little manipulative and meddling. I think I know what’s best for others.
Not meExactly me
45. I’m very curious and like to investigate and study things in depth. I draw my own conclusions after careful consideration and tend to disregard common knowledge and other’s opinions.
Not meExactly me

Part III: Distinction

From each of the pairs below, choose the trait that best describes you. If it is hard to pick, go with your first instinct.

Before you're done ...

Do you already know your Enneagram Type?

I think I'm a or*
(*optional, if confused between 2 types)

Sunday, November 22, 2009

Enneagram Tritype Descriptions: Type Five

This is a list of descriptions for all the Enneagram Tritypes of type Five: it explores the flavours that each tritype configuration can bring to this type. Therefore they are by no means complete depictions of type Five and must be viewed as additions and orientations of the main characteristics of the leading type (which will remain fundamental).

If you are a type Five and have decided on your tritype as well, feel free to leave a comment on how you experience it and how well the specific description fits you. There is always room for improvement.

5-2-1: these Fives enjoy using their knowledge and expertise in the benefit of others and are typically attracted to humanitarian causes. They are more altruistic and generous than other Fives and also more social, involved and controlling. They want to help other people and usually do it by teaching them how to help themselves – they can make good teachers. However they have some trouble with acknowledging their own problems and needs and tend to protect their inner world by focusing on others.
typical subtypes: social, 5w6
similar tritypes: 5-1-2, 2-5-1
flavours: altruistic, social, devoted and controlling

5-2-9: this is a more generous, social and good-natured Five, who genuinely enjoys helping others out and being in a relationship with them. Although they do require their alone time, Fives of this tritype tend to be more personable and they make wonderful advisors and counselors as long as they can keep behind the scenes. They are rather attracted to human sciences (psychology, sociology) and have a natural flair for moderating conflicts and solving people’s problems.
typical subtypes: social, 5w4
similar tritypes: 5-9-2, 2-5-9
flavours: friendly, understanding, cooperative and humanistic

5-2-8: these Fives take pleasure in helping and directing other people, but in the process can end up imposing their own views in a more or less direct manner. They need to stay in control of their relationships and although they make generous, devoted and fearless friends and partners, others might perceive them as possessive, demanding and domineering. These types tend to intrude on others while at the same time remaining secretive and self-protective themselves, hiding their own needs and problems.
typical subtypes: sexual, 5w4, 5w6 (counterphobic wing)
similar tritypes: 5-8-2, 2-5-8
flavours: self-confident, generous, dominating and possessive

5-3-1: one of the most cold-blooded and self-controlled of the Fives, this tritype is remarkably efficient, hard-working and competent, although a little bit anal as well. They demand recognition for their contributions and are fairly concerned with their image and intellectual value. Somewhat self-righteous and impatient with others, they are however pragmatic and tactful enough not to compromise their goals by being too inflexible. These Fives are very clever, self-confident, perfectionist, arrogant and glacial.
typical subtypes: social, self-preserving, 5w6
similar tritypes: 5-1-3, 3-5-1
flavours: cold, composed, efficient and self-important

5-3-9: these Fives might strike others as rather pleasant and cooperative persons, but they are usually more ambitious and purposeful than they let on. They are goal-oriented individualists who dream of achieving an impressive and long-lasting success in their field – they secretly desire becoming famous and leaving their mark on the world. These Fives are also more dependent on outer validation than others – they care more about their image and the way others perceive and react to them, therefore they might seem a little more conventional and mainstream in their behavior.
typical subtypes: social, self-preserving, balanced wings
similar tritypes: 5-9-3, 9-5-3
flavours: cunning, congenial, goal-oriented and flexible

5-3-8: more ambitious, competitive and assertive than others, these Fives stand out through their leadership abilities. They are rather good at managing people and know how to employ their powers and competencies in order to obtain an effective result. Pragmatic, goal-oriented and driven, but also a tad arrogant and egotistical, they know how to influence a situation to their advantage. And yet, although they are proficient in authority positions, others can find them quite unsympathetic and self-interested, with very little interest in people who cannot be of clear use to them.
typical subtypes: social, sexual, balanced wings
similar tritypes: 5-8-3, 3-5-8, 8-5-3
flavours: self-confident, pragmatic, hard-working and narcissistic

5-4-1: these Fives are perhaps the most typical of this type’s usual description – they’re withdrawn, imaginative, ingenious, detail-oriented and sensitive. Very intelligent and creative but also somewhat capricious, fussy and impractical, they have explicit standards of intellectual ability and artistic taste and tend to reject and ridicule anything and anyone that doesn’t rise up to them. Typical isolationists who feel misunderstood by society, they hide in their ivory tower of ideas and ideals, abstractly reconstructing reality according to their own terms.
typical subtypes: self-preserving, sexual, 5w4
similar tritypes: 4-5-1, 1-5-4
flavours: individualistic, elegant, inventive and nit-picking

5-4-9: shy, somewhat fragile and a bit romantic, such Fives tend to put on a congenial fa├žade to hide their rich inner worlds from the society. They outwardly appear friendly but reserved, usually mysterious to other people who sense there is more depth and intensity hidden behind their amiable mask. These Fives have rich imaginations and love to immerse themselves in thoughts and fantasies. They are introspective, dreamy, creative and socially withdrawn, but also disorganized and painfully avoidant.
typical subtypes: self-preserving, sexual, 5w4
similar tritypes: 5-9-4, 9-5-4, 4-5-9
flavours: insightful, imaginative, enigmatic and unstructured

5-4-8: more reactive and temperamental, such Fives find it harder to control their emotions than other tritypes. They are basically sensitive, reclusive and ingenious, occasionally indulging in (romantic) day-dreams and fantasies, but once in a while their fierce, visceral side reveals itself explosively and gets to surprise people who don’t know them well. These Fives are usually selfish and whimsical, considering themselves entitled to special treatment which they will sometimes claim aggressively. They are prone to mood swings and rage outbursts.
typical subtypes: sexual, self-preserving, 5w4
similar tritypes: 5-8-4, 4-5-8
flavours: innovative, temperamental, egocentric and intense

5-1-2: these Fives could make great teachers – they are precise, ethical, thorough, disciplined, but also altruistic and willing to help other people. They are usually moral and righteous individuals, who have high ideals and are willing to stand by a cause they believe in. Their interest in people and commitment to knowledge and improvement can turn them into crusaders for theories and systems that can make the world a better place, sometimes at the cost of their own physical and emotional needs.
typical subtypes: social, 5w6
similar tritypes: 5-2-1, 1-5-2
flavours: idealistic, conscientious, principled and ethical

5-1-3: exacting, methodical, organized and fairly self-righteous, these Fives have a compulsive need for logic and order in their environment. They are hard-working and more practical and pragmatic than other Fives, focusing on the efficiency and improvement of the systems that interest them. They also enjoy and expect receiving the deserved recognition for their efforts, considering their time and involvement very precious. This tritype is one of the most cool-headed, rigid and self-controlled.
typical subtypes: self-preserving, social, 5w6
similar tritypes: 5-3-1, 3-5-1, 1-5-3
flavours: exigent, methodical, formal and efficient

5-1-4: these Fives stand out by being rather fussy - they’re pretentious and perfectionist and can be highly demanding of their environment. Idealistic and principled, these Fives can be very criticizing and rejecting of people and situations that do not meet their standards – many would call them fastidious. To a certain extent, they believe themselves to be superior and different from others - misunderstood but brilliant. Indeed their intellect, insightfulness and logical thinking, as well as their physical and emotional fragility contribute to an overly cerebral image.
typical subtypes: self-preserving, 5w4, 5w6
similar tritypes: 1-5-4, 5-4-1
flavours: principled, precise, finicky and sensitive

5-9-2: rather easy-going, modest and amiable, these Fives are usually pleasant to have around because of their friendly nature and deeper understanding of the human needs and frailties. They are less judgemental and critical than other Fives and prefer to focus on the better side of things and people and work on exploring and improving these. They also have a somewhat holistic approach to life’s problems and questions – they tend to prefer the general to the particular and aren’t always very scientifically thorough.
typical subtypes: self-preserving, social, 5w4
similar tritypes: 5-2-9, 9-5-2
flavours: agreeable, relaxed, friendly and spiritual

5-9-3: these Fives are naturally diplomatic, peaceful and somewhat charismatic. They care about harmony and balance and are a bit anxious of people’s rejection and disapproval. Very sentient and tactful, they know how to reach their objectives without causing much fuss around them – they go with the flow and adapt to people and situations in a facile manner. They’re the type of people that others don’t see coming, skillfully speculating opportunities to their advantage while keeping a low profile.
typical subtypes: self-preserving, social, 5w6
similar tritypes: 5-3-9, 9-5-3
flavours: tactful, well-mannered, collected and adaptable

5-9-4: reclusive, modest, discreet and quite dreamy and unassertive, such Fives possess a vast imagination in which they spend most of their time among their theories, fantasies and vivid memories. They have a somewhat bohemian charm to them – they are relaxed, casual, creative and a bit reckless. Usually pleasant and undisturbed on the outside, they hide complex inner worlds in which reality interweaves with fantasy, real with imaginary, the objective with the subjective. These Fives are gentle, sensitive and avoidant and tend to express their anger in a passive-aggressive manner.
typical subtypes: self-preserving, sexual, 5w4
similar tritypes: 5-4-9, 9-5-4, 4-5-9
flavours: laid-back, unconventional, imaginative and random

5-8-2: these Fives are more focused on and involved with their environments. They’re typically quite imposing and intrusive on others’ lives although they don’t like it when the reverse happens. They are dedicated, courageous, confident and passionate people, sometimes overprotective of their loved ones and having a tendency to dominate and more or less subtly manipulate others into believing as they do. Aiming for a position of power and authority, these Fives have a deep urge to closely control their worlds.
typical subtypes: social, sexual, 5w6 (counterphobic wing)
similar tritypes: 5-2-8, 8-5-2
flavours: self-confident, controlling, passionate and brave

5-8-3: a more ambitious, materialistic and dominant Five, who has a talent for leadership and a desire for achievement. More competitive and assertive than others, these Fives manage to get out of their shells more often to experience life in a more direct manner and obtain a position of power and success. Although still reserved and secretive, they exude a certain amount of self-confidence and strength which prevents their true vulnerabilities from being guessed by others (a huge fear of this tritype).
typical subtypes: social, self-preserving, 5w6 (counterphobic wing)
similar tritypes: 5-3-8, 8-5-3
flavours: poised, ambitious, domineering and territorial

5-8-4: original, rebellious, temperamental and highly individualistic and independent, these Fives are can be extremely self-focused and mostly unconcerned with other people’s feelings and wants. They are often inspired and have great vision which they strive to turn into reality – they have a practical side which helps them. Although brilliant and resourceful, others may find it hard to deal with their self-important, narcissistic behavior and their oversensitivity to frustration – their violent reactions can be scary.
typical subtypes: sexual, 5w4, 5w6 (counterphobic wing)
similar tritypes: 5-4-8, 8-5-4
flavours: resourceful, defiant, visionary and reactive

Also read the Tritype descriptions for:
Type One | Type Two | Type Three | Type Four | Type Six | Type Seven | Type Eight | Type Nine